There are two types of climbing sports in Thailand
1.Sport Climbing: Climbing on the rock with permanent pins. Climbers have to climb along the path that is already pinned permanently on the rock and height around 15-35 meters. The limestone cliffs are the most popular for climbers. Climbing equipment such as Harness, rope, protective equipment (QD) Helmets, and also belay partners for safety. This type of climbing is suitable for all ages.
There are two types of sport climbing: Top Rope climbing and Lead Climbing.
Top Rope is suitable for both beginner and advanced which the climber is securely attached to a rope which then passes up, through an anchor system at the top of the climb, and down to a belayer at the foot of the climb. The belayer takes in slack rope throughout the climb so that if at any point the climber were to lose their hold, they would not fall more than a short distance (1 or 2 meters).
Lead climbing is one in which the roped party has to take the lead while the other climbers follow. The lead climber wears a harness attached to a climbing rope, which in turn is connected to the other climbers below the lead climber. While ascending the route, the lead climber periodically connects the rope to protection equipment for safety in the event of a fall.
2.) Bouldering: The climbing on the rock without the use of ropes or harnesses. Climbers use climbing shoes to help secure footholds, chalk to keep their hands dry, and to provide a firmer grip, and bouldering mats to prevent injuries from falls. Unlike free solo climbing, which is also performed without ropes, bouldering problems (the sequence of moves that a climber performs to complete the climb) are usually less than 6 meters (20 ft.) tall. It is riskier and makes the body of injury easier.